Huawei's global analyst conference was held on April 12. Xu Wenwei, director of Huawei and president of the Strategic Research Institute, delivered a speech on the theme of "Towards a Smart World 2030 -- Technology Challenges and Research Directions". He said that facing 2030, the demand for computing power will increase by 100 times, and how to build super computing power will be a huge challenge. In the future, analog computing and photon computing will face huge application scenarios, so Huawei is also studying analog computing and photon computing.
Xu Wenwei, director of Huawei and president of the Institute of Strategic Studies, delivered a speech on the theme of "Towards a Smart World 2030- Technology Challenges and Research Directions". In the next decade, he said, the number of connections will reach 100 billion, broadband speeds will reach 10Gbps per person, computing power will increase 100 times, storage capacity will increase 100 times, and the use of renewable energy will be more than 50 percent. Technology needs to evolve around the generation, transmission, processing and use of information and energy.
But today, single-core CPU performance has declined from 50 percent per year to 10 percent, and general-purpose computing is inefficient in certain areas. Building supercomputing power is a big challenge.
First, digital computing is moving from universal to dedicated, and toward heterogeneous computing with multiple computing architectures coexisting. Various CPUs, GPUs and XPUs exist at the same time.
Second, analog computing will show its advantage in specific fields. Photonic computing will be applied to signal processing, combinatorial optimization, machine learning and other fields, especially for wireless Massivemimo and optical communication fields will have great application scenarios.